BIOGRAPHY OF N. N. BOGOLIUBOV
N. N. Bogoliubov was the outstanding scientist of highest rank: specialist in mechanics, mathematics and theoretical physics, he used freely all the disciplines in various research areas. This style leads to numerous works of highest level. In this sense he continues the tradition of the great universal scientists, such as L. Euler and H. Poincare.
Biographic Data of N. N. Bogoliubov:
Nicolai Nicolaevitch Bogoliubov was born 21.08.1909 in Nizhny Novgorod in the family of famous orthodox priest and theologian. Soon the family moved to Kiev, where the future scientist spent his green years.He did not get the regular lessons at school and University. He himself, later on, filling in forms, wrote "finished the post-graduate courses". He studied himself and in the flat of academician N. M. Krylov and on his seminar. In 1924 he wrote his first paper "On the behaviour of the solution of linear differential equations at infinity". In 1930 the Academy of Sciences of Bologna awarded him the prize and in this year he got the Doctor of Sciences degree.
1932: Together with N. M. Krylov start to develop the new branch of mathematical physics, which they called "non-linear mechanics", the new science dealt with non-linear oscillations with various applications to theoretical mechanics, mechanics of rigid body, celestial mechanics, etc.
1939-1945: Mathematical problems of stochastic systems: ergodic behaviour, Fokker-Planck equation, dynamics of systems with large degrees of freedom. Statistical theory of perturbations.
1946: Kinetic equations. Monograph: Problems of dynamical theory in statistical physics.
1947: Paper: On the theory of superfluidity,
Correspondent Member Acad.Sci. USSR.
1949 :Monograph "Lectures on Quantum Statistics".
Head of the Department of Theoretical Physics of Steklov Mathematical Institute, Moscow; since 1983 -Director.
1953: Full Member of Acad. Sci.USSR.
1957-58: Theory of superconductivity.
1956-1965 and 1979-1992 : Director of the Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna,
1965-1992 Director of JINR, Dubna.
1957: Monograph (with D.V.Shirkov) Introduction To the Theory of Quantised Fields" (now 5 eds.)
1959: Two-time thermal Green's Functions (with S.V.Tyablicov)
1961: Quasi-averages in the problems of Statistical physics.
1967: On the theory of superfluidity.
1980-1981: The theory of polaron.
The BIOGRAPHY of N. N. BOGOLIUBOV can be found in a few places.
Short summary of the scientific works is given in article N. N. BOGOLIUBOV: 50 years of scientific work.The best biography was written by his younger brother:
There is rich collection of photos at (http://www1.jinr.ru/Exhibits/Bogolubov/index.html) .
Wikipedia electronic Encyclopedia -- Biography of N. N. BOGOLIUBOV: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolay_Bogolyubov
Bibliography of N. N. BOGOLIUBOV consists of about 400 papers and about 20 monographs on statistical mechanics, non-linear mechanics, stability of dynamical systems, quantum field theory and theory of polarons.
Partially, his classical works were published in English:
N. N. Bogoliubov, Problems of a Dynamical Theory in Statistical Physics. in: Studies in Statistical Mechanics, eds. J. de Boer and G. E. Uhlenbeck, (North-Holland, Amsterdam , 1962), vol.1, p.1.
N. N. Bogoliubov, Lectures on Quantum Statistics, vol. 1: Quantum Statistics (Gordon and Breach Sci.Publ., Inc., New York, 1967).
N. N. Bogoliubov, Lectures on Quantum Statistics, vol. 2: Quasi-Averages (Gordon and Breach Sci.Publ., Inc., New York, 1970).
N. N. Bogoliubov, Jr., Quantum Statistical Mechanics. Selected Works of N. N. Bogoliubov. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2015).
The analysis of the works of N. N. BOGOLIUBOV in the field of STATISTICAL PHYSICS was carried out in the
N. N. Bogolyubov (jr) and D. P. Sankovich (1994). "N. N. Bogolyubov and statistical mechanics". Russian Math. Surveys 49(5): 19—49.
A. L. Kuzemsky, Statistical Mechanics and Many-Particle Model Systems. Physics of Particles and Nuclei, 2009, vol. 40, Issue 7, pp.949-997.(in English)
A. L. Kuzemsky, Bogoliubov's Vision: Quasiaverages and Broken Symmetry to Quantum Protectorate and Emergence. Intern. J. Modern Phys., 2010, V.B24, No. 8, p.835-935.
А. Л. Куземский, Предвидение Н.Н. Боголюбова и современная теоретическая физика. Новости ОИЯИ, Дубна, N 3, с.13-15, Дубна, 2010. [in Russian]
A. L. Kuzemsky, Bogoliubov's Foresight and Modern Theoretical Physics. JINR News, N 3, p.13-15, Dubna, 2010. [in English] (PDF, 3 Mb)
A. L. Kuzemsky, Bogoliubov's Foresight and Development of the Modern Theoretical Physics. Electronic Journal of Theoretical Physics (http://www.ejtp.com/), 2011, V.8, No. 25, p.1-14. (PDF, 130Kb)
OBITUARY of N. N. BOGOLIUBOV was published in Physics Today, v.46(3) (1993), pp.101-2.
Additional information can be found in a few
journals ( Physics Today, v.46(3) (1993), pp.101-2; Uspekhi. Fiz. Nauk;
and in papers:
V. S. Vladimirov, A. A. Logunov and A. Salam, Teoreticheskaya i Matematicheskaya Fizika, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 179-181, August,1992. [Theor. Math. Phys. 92, 817 (1993)] as obituary notes.
SEE PDF file: Theoretical and Mathematical Physics-92)